Musical Borrowing
An Annotated Bibliography

Individual record

[+] Cone, Edward T. "Schubert's Beethoven." The Musical Quarterly 56 (October 1970): 779-93. Reprinted in The Creative World of Beethoven, ed. Paul Henry Lang, 277-91. New York: W. W. Norton, 1971.

Schubert's last three piano sonatas, composed during the summer of 1828, borrow from or are modeled on works by Beethoven. Schubert may have been insecure about this particular musical form and subsequently turned to Beethoven's works for help. Detailed examples of Schubert rondos that may have been modeled on Beethoven rondos support this hypothesis.

Works: Schubert: Sonata in C Minor (780), Sonata in B Flat Major (780), Sonata in A Major (782-86), Rondo in A Major for Piano Duet, Op. 107 (788-93).

Sources: Beethoven: Thirty-two Variations on an Original Theme in C minor, WoO 80 (780), String Quartet in B-flat major, Op. 130 (780-82), Piano Sonata No. 16 in G major, Op. 31, No. 1 (782-86), Piano Sonata No. 27 in E minor, Op. 90 (788-93).

Index Classifications: 1800s

Contributed by: Lee Ann Roripaugh

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