Musical Borrowing
An Annotated Bibliography

Individual record

[+] Kirkpatrick, John. "Critical Commentary." In Charles E. Ives, Trio for Violin, Violoncello, and Piano, edited by John Kirkpatrick. New York: Peer International, [1984].

The second movement is a medley of popular tunes and fraternity songs. The finale reworks Ives's The All Enduring, composed for the Yale Glee Club. The finale closes with Toplady ("Rock of Ages"), and a theme heard earlier in the movement may be a cryptic variant of that hymn tune.

Index Classifications: 1900s

Contributed by: J. Peter Burkholder

Except where otherwise noted, this website is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Musical Borrowing and Reworking - - 2024
Creative Commons Attribution License