Musical Borrowing
An Annotated Bibliography

Individual record

[+] Kramer, Lawrence. "The Ganymede Complex: Schubert's Songs and the Homoerotic Imagination." In Franz Schubert: Sexuality, Subjectivity, Song, 93-128. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Examining Schubert's lied Ganymed (1817), set to Goethe's poem of 1774, and comparing it to an earlier setting of the same poem by Johann Reichardt (1794) reveals that the latter was Schubert's model. Both settings use directional tonality, ending in a key a third lower than their initial key; both have their crucial division on the same words ("wohin? / hinauf!"); and both have comparable cadential melismas on the last two words. Yet Schubert, surmounting the limitations of his model, realizes the erotic atmosphere of the text by accelerating the tempo and by using lyrical, increasingly flourishing, melismas.

Works: Schubert: Ganymed (118-28).

Sources: Johann Reichardt: Ganymed (127-28).

Index Classifications: 1800s

Contributed by: Tamara Balter

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